贾志强.群众体育:我国体育发展的主旋律[J].北京体育大学学报,2015,38(1):8-14.
群众体育:我国体育发展的主旋律
Mass Sports: Main Theme of the Future Sports Development in China
投稿时间:2014-05-27  
DOI:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.01.002
中文关键词:  关键词:群众体育  中国体育  体育管理体制  运行机制  政府职能  体育产业
英文关键词:Key words: mass sports  Chinese sports  sports governance system  operation mechanism  government function  sports industry
基金项目:国家体育总局体育社会科学研究项目(项目编号:1132SS07089)。
作者单位
贾志强 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:通过查阅文献资料和专家访谈等研究方法对改革开放以来体育事业发展现状进行研究。研究对象:群众体育事业的发展规律以及与之相联系的体育管理体制。研究目的:通过研究为进一步推动我国群众体育管理体制改革,构建符合我国国情的体育事业新体制提供理论依据。研究的主要结论:1)随着体育体制改革的深化,彻底改变了计划经济体制下的传统体育体制,群众体育得到长足发展,人们对现代体育的理解不断深化;体育产业化程度不断加强;群众体育运动的开展具有显著地地域性差异,存在着资源规模严重不足等问题。2)我国政府管理体育过程中存在着管理权限过度集中、各级组织权责不清、管理法规、制度及资金保障体系不健全等缺陷。自上而下的管理体制的核心和实质内容没有明显变化,成为我国体育体制改革进程中的焦点和难点。3)我国未来群众体育工作要进一步建立和完善我国全民健身公共服务体系;充分调动社会团体、组织积极性,整合和协调社会多方面体育资源,使群众体育活动更加丰富多彩,人民群众拥有强健的体魄;健全和规范法规、法制;健全监督机制;大力发展体育产业。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:?This paper analyzed Chinese sports development status after reform and opening up by the methods of literature review and expert interview. The objects of this study were the law of mass ports?and?its related?sports governance system, and the purpose of this study was to provide theoretical references for China mass sports governance system reform improvement and sports system construction which based on China situation.?Conclusions: 1) As deepening spots reform, the traditional system under the planned economy has changed, mass sports has developed, people’s understanding of modern sports has raised, and sports industrialization has strengthened. The development of mass sports has obvious regional difference, and is lack of source. 2) Many defects, such as over centralized of power, unclear right and obligation of different levels of section, defective governance regulations and funds guarantee?system, existed in government’s sports governance. No clear change of core and content of governance system become the focal point and difficult point of China sports system reform. 3) In the future, China mass sports should establish and improve the public service system, mobilize the enthusiasm of social groups and organizations, integrate and coordinate various social sports resources for enriching mass sports and proving people’s physical fitness, improve and standardize the laws and regulations, perfect the supervision system, and develop sports industry.
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