仇乃民.系统观:运动员竞技能力状态的新视角[J].北京体育大学学报,2014,37(10):136-140.
系统观:运动员竞技能力状态的新视角
System View: A New Perspective of Athlete’s Competitive State
投稿时间:2013-07-30  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:运动训练  运动员  竞技能力  竞技能力系统  竞技能力状态
英文关键词:Key words: sports training  athlete  competitive ability  competitive ability system  competitive state
基金项目:
作者单位
仇乃民 盐城工学院体育部江苏 盐城 224005 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:运动员竞技能力状态理论是运动训练理论与实践中的重要内容。运用文献资料、访谈与观察等研究方法,借用系统科学理论与观点对运动员竞技能力状态进行分析与研究,指出竞技能力状态是一个系统概念,竞技能力是个系统,状态是其重要组成部分。竞技能力状态是竞技能力系统的状态、态势和特征。竞技能力系统状态可分为:平衡态、周期态、拟周期态和混沌态等。同时,在运动训练过程中竞技能力系统状态具有稳定性、波动性、多元性、过程性和难以预测等特性。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The theory of athlete’s competitive state is the important content in theory and practice of sports training. By the methods of literature review, expert interview and observation, borrowing the theories and viewpoints of system science, this paper analyzed athlete’s competitive state, and pointed out that competitive state is a systematic concept, and competitive ability is a system, state is an important part. The state is the status, trend and characteristics of competitive ability system. State of competitive ability system can be divided into equilibrium, periodic, quasi-periodic and chaotic states, etc. The state of competitive ability system has the characteristics of stability, volatility, pluralism, process and unpredictability.
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