吴建忠,王丹,吴素英.DaeDo电子护具下跆拳道新得分技术的研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2014,37(10):119-124.
DaeDo电子护具下跆拳道新得分技术的研究
New Scoring Technique in Taekwondo with DaeDo Electronic Protectors
投稿时间:2014-01-24  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:跆拳道  DaeDo电子护具  技战术  得分技术  脚内侧横踢  中位勾踢
英文关键词:Key words: Taekwondo  DaeDo electronic protectors  tactics and techniques  scoring technique  medial?side cross kick  median hook kick hook kick
基金项目:国家体育总局重点研究领域课题资助(2011A107);北京市高等学校青年英才计划项目;北京体育大学自主科研课题(2012QN003)
作者单位
吴建忠 北京体育大学北京 100084 
王丹 中国地质大学(北京)北京 100083 
吴素英 北京体育大学北京 100084中国石油大学(北京)北京 102249 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:目的:Daedo电子护具应用以来,跆拳道比赛中出现了一系列新技术的得分现象,这些新技术的得分是偶然发生的?是否具有区别于其他得分技术的运用特征呢?此方面研究尚属空白。方法:本文以问题为导向,应用文献资料法、录像观察法、实验法探寻DaeDo电子护具下跆拳道新得分技术的电子护具识别情况和比赛运用特征。结果:1) 新得分技术脚内侧横踢、中位勾踢符合规则要求和力学原理;2) 脚内侧横踢、中位勾踢达到DaeDo电子护具得分力值的成功率高,分别为94.84%和92.97%;感应力值总数分别为299.9和294.7,比相似技术低,但达到得分力值标准;其感应率均为99.24%和98.28%,比相似技术高;3)随机统计22场比赛运动员的新得分技术的使用次数达30次,得分3次。结论:1) 新得分技术脚内侧横踢、中位勾踢达到DaeDo电子护具得分力值和感应标准,在使用DaeDo电子护具跆拳道比赛中,运动员运用新得分技术是有效得分手段;2) 脚内侧横踢适用于贴靠战术,在各种战局战况下贴靠时可代替近距离脚背横踢,以提高得分率;3) 中位勾踢技术可运用于不同战术,受战况等因素的局限,在比赛中要与推踢技术配合使用,以出其不意得分。意义:为运动员在DaeDo电子感应护具的新规则运用下有针对性地发挥技战术打法提供实战参考。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Objective: Since electronic protectors were applied, a series of scoring phenomenon of new taekwondo’s techniques have appeared in competitive games. Are these new scorings techniques happened by accident? Are their characteristics different from others? There id no answer. Methods: Following the two questions, using the methods of literature review, video observation and field-investigation, this study explored DaeDo electronic protectors’ recognition of new scoring techniques and its application characteristics. Results: 1) Medial?side cross kick and?median hook kick?conform to the rules?and mechanics principle. 2) Medial?side cross kick and median hook kick have high successful rate to reach the Daedo protector scoring value, which is 94.84% and 92.97% respectively. The total score of induction fore value is 299.9 and 294.7 respectively, which is lower than in similar techniques but still reaches the scoring force value standard. 3) Players used the new scoring techniques 30 times in 22 randomized games, and got the score 3 times. Conclusions: 1) Medial?side cross kick and median hook kick of new scoring techniques have reached the DaeDo electronic protector scoring force value and induction value. These new techniques with DaeDo electronic protectors are effective to get score. 2) Medial?side cross kick is suited to close-to-close tactics, and it can replace the instep cross kick to improve scoring rate. 3) Median hook kick is suited to different tactics, and it is combined with push-kick technique when using in games to get surprise score. The value of this paper is going to provide practical reference for athletes to play their tactics under the new rules by using DaeDo electronic protectors.
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