罗超毅.论体育强国建设背景下全民健身与竞技体育的和谐发展[J].北京体育大学学报,2013,36(2):1-4.
论体育强国建设背景下全民健身与竞技体育的和谐发展
Analysis on the Harmonious Development of Mass Sports and Competitive Sports from the Perspective of Construction of Powerful Sports Country
投稿时间:2013-01-10  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:体育公共服务  体育功能  竞技体育  全民健身  体育强国  奥运战略  举国体制  民族体育
英文关键词:Key words:sports public service  sports function  competitive sports  fitness for all  powerful sports country  Olympic strategy  the whole nation system  traditional sports
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“中国体育发展方式研究”(项目编号:10&ZD053)。
作者单位
罗超毅 国家体育总局体操运动管理中心北京 100061 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:从发挥体育公共服务功能的视角,重点针对当前争论比较多的全民健身和竞技体育孰轻孰重的关系问题,以系统的观点明确提出两者是体育事业发展中两大支柱,它们不是相互对立的孰轻孰重的关系,而是体育强国建设进程中缺一不可的,需要全面发展,共同进步;提出竞技体育具有振奋民族精神、增强民族凝聚力以及全民共同分享的特性,说明它是非竞争性和非排他性的,因此竞技体育具有比较强的准公共产品的属性,国家应继续予以支持;认为竞技体育与全民健身是有显著差异的,应区别对待,不可混为一谈;未来竞技体育面临着体制性挑战,进一步深化改革将是必由之路;积极倡导大力弘扬中华传统养身健身之道,这是体育亲民、惠民,充分体现为民服务的重要内容。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:From the perspective of displaying the public service function of sports, the paper focuses on the controversial issue that for the mass sports and competitive sports which one is more important. The paper, from the perspective of system, proposes that both of them are the two pillars of sports. Their relation is not one surpassing the other. None of them are dispensable. They need mutual development and progress. The article proposes that competitive sports have the features of invigorating national spirit, enhancing national cohesion and mass sharing. It indicates that it is non-rival and non-exclusive. Therefore, competitive sports have strong nature of public product. The government shall continue to support it. The article reckons that competitive sports and mass sports have obvious difference. They shall be treated differently and they shall not be confused into one. In the future the competitive sports face systematical challenge. Deepening reform is the inevitable route. The paper also actively proposes to spread China’s traditional health perseverance and exercises measures. It reflects the nature of sports which is people-oriented and benefitting people. It is an important part in servicing for people as a function of sports.
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