杨志敏.现代五项运动成绩特征及其启示研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2013,36(1):140-144.
现代五项运动成绩特征及其启示研究
Research on the Characteristics of Performance and Its Enlightenment of Modern Pentathlon
投稿时间:2012-02-29  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:现代五项  运动成绩  多元分析  击剑;游泳;马术;跑射联项
英文关键词:Key words:modern pentathlon  athletic performance  multivariate analysis  fencing  swimming, equestrian, running and shooting
基金项目:
作者单位
杨志敏 温州大学体育学院浙江 温州 325027 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:综合运用文献法、数理统计法对2010年世界杯现代五项运动成绩特征进行研究,研究认为:除马术以外,其他项目均呈左偏分布,得分高的选手较多,比赛较为激烈。男子单项成绩与总分相关强度由大到小依次是马术、跑射联项、击剑、游泳;女子单项成绩与总分的相关性由大至小依次是跑射联项、马术、击剑、游泳。男选手的击剑与跑射联项、击剑与马术、马术与游泳的成绩几乎没有相关性;而跑射联项与游泳、游泳与击剑、马术与跑射联项成绩关系密切。女选手得分具有明显相关性的项目有:击剑与游泳、马术与跑射联项;关联性不大的项目有:击剑与马术、击剑与跑射联项、游泳与马术。我国男女选手均分在中等之列,男子马术、女子的马术和击剑均欠缺。建议:我国男子现代五项选手应加强马术训练;女子应加强马术和击剑训练;要善于寻找现代五项项目的共性规律,促进训练效益最大化;要转变现代五项选材观念,制定科学、客观的选材体系,选拔优秀后备人才。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:By using the method of literature review and mathematics, the researcher studied the performance characteristics of the 2010 Modern Pentathlon World Cup. The study reckons that except equestrian, other events shows a left-partial distribution and there are more players with high score and the competition is fierce. The correlation strength of mens individual event performance has a sequence of equestrian, running and shooting, fencing and swimming in a descending order. For the women’s individual event performance, the sequence is running and shooting, equestrian, fencing and swimming. For men, there is little correlation between fencing and running and shooting, fencing and equestrian, equestrian and swimming. And running and shooting and swimming, swimming and fencing, equestrian and running and shooting has close correlation in the performance. For the women players, the following events have close correlation in score: fencing and swimming, equestrian and running and shooting. The men’s equestrian and women’s equestrian and fencing have deficiency. It is suggested that China’s men’s modern pentathlon players shall enhance the training of equestrian. Women players shall strengthen the training of equestrian and fencing. The common rules of the event shall be explored to maximize the training effect and the talent selecting concept shall be changed to formulate scientific and objective selecting system to select elite reserve talents.
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