杨斌,徐玄冲.我国优秀自由式摔跤运动员有氧与无氧耐力特征研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(12):130-133.
我国优秀自由式摔跤运动员有氧与无氧耐力特征研究
A Study on Aerobic and Anaerobic Endurance Training Characteristic of Elite Free Style Wrestlers in China
投稿时间:2011-10-08  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:自由式摔跤  优秀运动员  耐力素质  训练特征  有氧特征  无氧耐力特征  耐力训练
英文关键词:Key words: freestyle wrestling  elite athletes  endurance  training characteristic  aerobic characteristic  anaerobic endurance characteristic  endurance training
基金项目:基金项目:国家体育总局奥运攻关项目(2011A068)。
作者单位
杨斌 西华师范大学体育学院四川 南充 637009 
徐玄冲 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:为了认识我国优秀自由式摔跤运动员的耐力素质现状及其训练学特征,对备战伦敦奥运会的27名自由式摔跤运动员进行了相关测试,在训练周期开始阶段、强度课及模拟比赛后,采用气体代谢和乳酸测试方法对运动员的有氧和无氧耐力进行了跟踪测试。结果显示:无氧阈时期的心率值不存在性别上的差异(P>0.05),但与参照值(世界优秀运动员)存在显著差异现象(P<0.05),此时的摄氧量也未表现出性别上的差异,但明显低于国外优秀自由式摔跤运动员的水平;最大乳酸耐受力男女分别为17.52±4.31和16.08±3.23,无显著性差异,训练中主要是以力量耐力和高强度耐力对抗练习为主。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: In order to explore the endurance status and training features of the Chinese elite freestyle wrestling athletes, the paper conducted test on 27 freestyle wrestler preparing for London Olympic Games. The researchers used gas metabolism and lactate test methods to track the athletes’ aerobic and anaerobic endurance at the start of training cycle, in the strength classes and after simulation game. The results showed that the heart rate value of anaerobic threshold did not exist gender difference (P>0.05), but it had significant difference with the reference values of the world elite wrestlers (P<0.05). The oxygen uptake did not show gender differences, but it was significantly lower than that of world elite freestyle wrestlers; the maximum BLA was 17.52 ±4.31 and 16.08 ± 3.23 in men and women respectively, and no significant difference was found between two groups. Meanwhile, in training, the main part was strength endurance and high-intensity resistance exercise.
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