张大超,张云凤.高校室内体育运动环境空气卫生质量调查与分析[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(12):103-107.
高校室内体育运动环境空气卫生质量调查与分析
Investigation and Analysis on Air Quality of Indoor Sports Environment of Colleges and Universities
投稿时间:2012-06-18  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:高校  体育场馆  室内体育运动环境  空气卫生质量  空气质量检测  体质健康
英文关键词:Keywords:university  sports venues  indoor sports environment  air quality  air qualitytest  physical health
基金项目:基金项目:2010年河南省高校科技创新人才项目(项目编号:河南省教社政〔2009〕475号)
作者单位
张大超 河南大学体育学院河南 开封 475001 
张云凤 河南大学体育学院河南 开封 475001 
摘要点击次数: 1239
全文下载次数: 276
中文摘要:
      摘要:高校体育场馆是学生运动与健康的主要场所,其空气质量直接影响学生的体质健康水平。通过采用文献资料法、专家访谈法、测量评价法、数理统计法等,对河南省8所高校的室内运动场馆空气质量进行了监测与调查,并根据其现状提出相应的建议。根据《公共场所卫生标准》(GB9668-2002)对体育馆卫生的规定,测试的主要指标为馆内的温度、湿度、一氧化碳、二氧化碳、甲醛、可吸入颗粒物。结果表明:1)一氧化碳未有超标现象,二氧化碳浓度与学生的数量成正比并高于国家规定标准;2)其他指标均有所超标,其中甲醛浓度最高值为0.3%,可吸入颗粒物最高值为0.36%;3)在空间较小的室内运动场馆,温度与湿度的变化更为明显,对身体的影响也更大。建议:1)成立专门机构负责监控体育场馆室内环境;2)合理选定运动场馆的建设位置;3)控制活动人员的数量;4)注意室内有害气体的定期检测和净化;5)加强运动场馆的通风系统。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Collegiate sports venues are main sites the students participate in sports and fitness. Their air quality directly affects the students' physical health level. Through using the method of documentary, expert interview method, measurement and evaluation method, mathematical statistics method, etc. the researchers monitored and investigated the air quality of 8 universities’ indoor sports venues in Henan Province and puts forward relevant suggestions based on the current situation. According to the public health standard (GB9668-2002) to the stadium health, the researchers mainly monitored and measured these indexes: the temperature, humidity, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, pm10. The results show that: 1) carbon monoxide is not above the standard. The carbon dioxide concentration and the number of students are proportional and higher than the national standard; 2) other indexes are above the standard. The formaldehyde high concentration is 0.3%, the highest of pm10 is 0.36%; 3) Lesser the space is in indoor sports venues, more apparent temperature and humidity change there is and more significantly they effect on the body. Suggestions: 1) to set up a special body responsible for monitoring sports venues indoor environment; 2) to reasonably select the construction position of sports venues; 3) to control the number of people to participate in physical activities; 4) to monitor indoor harmful gas in venues periodically and clean it; 5) to strengthen the ventilation system of sports venues.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器