张国礼,任儒雅.自恋水平与视觉表象类型对大学生飞镖成绩和自我预期成绩的影响[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(12):67-70.
自恋水平与视觉表象类型对大学生飞镖成绩和自我预期成绩的影响
The Effects of Different Narcissism and Visual Imagery on Students’ Dart Throwing and Self Expectation Achievements
投稿时间:2012-08-13  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:自恋  内部视觉表象  外部视觉表象  飞镖成绩  自我预期
英文关键词:Key words: narcissism  internal visual imagery  external visual imagery  dart achievements  self expectation
基金项目:基金项目:中国博士后科学基金第52批面上资助(2012M520195);北京市重点实验室子课题;北京市交叉学科《运动心理学》建设经费支持。
作者单位
张国礼 北京体育大学北京 100084 
任儒雅 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:旨在探讨自恋水平与视觉表象类型对大学生飞镖投掷成绩和自我预期成绩的影响。采用2×2的组间实验设计,自变量为自恋水平(高自恋/低自恋)和视觉表象类型(内部视觉表象/外部视觉表象),因变量为飞镖成绩(投掷成绩和自我预期成绩)。实验参与者为某大学40名大学生。结果发现:1)在飞镖投掷成绩上,视觉表象类型具有主效应(P<0.001),外部视觉表象者的飞镖成绩高于内部视觉表象者的飞镖成绩;自恋水平的主效应(P>0.05)以及自恋水平与视觉表象类型的交互效应不显著(P>0.05)。2)在飞镖自我预期成绩上,自恋水平的主效应显著(P<0.01),自恋水平越高,参与者的自我预期成绩越高;视觉表象类型的主效应(P>0.05)以及视觉表象类型与自恋水平的交互效应不显著(P>0.05)。因此,外部视觉表象对飞镖投掷成绩产生积极影响,高自恋者的飞镖自我预期成绩更高。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: This study aimed to explore the effects of different narcissism and visual imagery on students’ dart throwing and self expectation achievements. By using 2*2 between group design, narcissism(low/high) and visual imagery (internal visual imagery/external visual imagery) were independent variables, and dart achievements (throwing scores and self expectation scores) were dependent variables. 40 college students were participants. The results showed that: 1) On dart throwing scores, visual imagery had main effects (p<0.001), that was students who used external visual imagery performed better than those who used internal visual imagery. However, the narcissism and the interaction between narcissism and visual imagery didn't have significant effects (p>0.05). 2) On dart self expectation scores, narcissism had main effects (p<0.01), that was high narcissism scores were higher than low narcissism. However, visual imagery and the interaction between narcissism and visual imagery didn't have significant effects (p>0.05). Therefore, external visual imagery had positive effects on dart throwing performance, and high narcissists were expected to get higher scores on dart throwing.
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