黄延春,李毅钧.世界优秀女排队员“背飞”扣球技术对比分析[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(8):139-144.
世界优秀女排队员“背飞”扣球技术对比分析
Comparative Analysis of the World Elite Volleyball Players’ Backward Flight Spiking Technology
投稿时间:2011-04-25  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:世界优秀女排队员  背飞扣球  动作分析
英文关键词:Key words: world elite volleyball players  backward flight spiking  motion analysis
基金项目:
作者单位
黄延春 华南师范大学体育科学学院广东 广州 510631 
李毅钧 华南师范大学体育科学学院广东 广州 510631 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:采用三维摄像法和录像解析法对世界优秀女排队员背飞扣球技术动作进行研究和对比分析。研究结果表明: 世界优秀女排队员背飞扣球技术均采用两步助跑,助跑步幅、速度都有逐渐增大趋势;起跳的时间多为0.26 s,其中缓冲时间和蹬伸时间的比例不同;在起跳过程中踝角都有逐渐增大的趋势,膝角都有增大到减小再增大的过程;起跳高度和起跳远度具有较大差异性与高相关性;空中击球环节都具有肩、肘、腕和手指速度顺序增大的趋势,国外选手多以肘为轴进行制动,中国马蕴雯更多以肩为轴进行制动;最大扣球高度的利用率大都为80%左右,网上20~40 cm的空间是背飞扣球使用的主要区域。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:The paper did research and comparative analysis on the backward flight spiking of the world elite women volleyball athletes using the method of three-dimensional photography and video analytics mostly. The results indicated: all the athletes use two steps in the run-up, the stride and speed of the run-up increase gradually; almost athletes’ time duration of takeoff are 0.26s, the proportions of buffer time and stretch time are all different; in the course of takeoff the ankle angles gradually increased, the knee angles have the process of transformation from increase to decrease, then to increase again; the height and distance of the jump have big difference and strong correlation; all the athletes spike the ball with the tendency which the shoulder, the elbow, the wrist and the finger speed increases sequentially, simultaneously the majority of the overseas athletes take the elbow as the shaft to brake, MA Yun-wen mostly uses the shoulder as the shaft to brake; the utilization rate of the athletes’ maximum spike height is about 80%, the space of 20~40cm above the net is the main area where flying back spike used.
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