刘洋,王家宏,陶玉流,Martin.Kudlacek,等.融合与策略:未来体育教师对“融合体育教育”意愿态度的研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(8):88-94.
融合与策略:未来体育教师对“融合体育教育”意愿态度的研究
Inclusion and Tactics: Research on Prospective Physical Education Teachers’ Intentions and Attitudes toward Inclusive Physical Education
投稿时间:2011-05-18  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:体育教师师资  融合体育教育  残疾人  态度  策略
英文关键词:Key words: teachers of physical education  inclusive physical education  people with disabilities  attitudes  tactics
基金项目:基金项目:浙江省社科规划课题成果(编号:12JCWH21YB)。通讯作者:王家宏。
作者单位
刘洋 杭州师范大学体育与健康学院浙江 杭州 310036 
王家宏 苏州大学体育学院江苏 苏州 215021 
陶玉流 苏州大学体育学院江苏 苏州 215021 
Martin.Kudlacek 奥洛莫茨帕拉斯基大学捷克 奥洛莫茨 783000 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法,以上海体育学院体育教育专业大四学生为调查对象,分析未来体育教师对融合体育教育理念和操作的认知、态度的现状及影响因素。结果发现调查对象对待融合体育教育态度相对消极,主要影响他们态度的原因包括对残疾人问题认知的缺乏,对融合体育教育过程实施的疑惑,融合环境体育教育教学能力的不足,以及客观环境和社会认知对融合体育教育支持程度的缺失。因此,培养我国融合体育教育师资应该以改变对待残疾人态度为目的,提高学生对残疾人问题的认识;以体育教育专业学生为主体,加强以融合体育教育为导向的特殊体育教育课程建设;以培养操作能力为核心,西学中用,改良内容,研发适应我国国情的教学材料;相关机构要共同努力,改善残疾学生接受体育教育的环境和条件。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:By the method of literature review, questionnaires, and statistics, the study aimed at analyzing the status and influencing factors of the P.E. teachers’ awareness and attitude to the inclusive sports in the future with the subjects of the seniors majored in physical education of Shanghai University of Sport. Results show that overall intentions and attitudes toward inclusion were relatively negative. Aspects influencing participants’ intentions were lack of understanding of disability issues, the doubt on the process of inclusive physical education, deficient capacities in P.E. teaching under inclusion environment, and lack of support from objective environment and social awareness. Therefore, in order to develop inclusive P.E. in China, the aim should be changing the attitude towards disabilities. The awareness of disability issue of the students shall be improved. The inclusive physical education oriented special sports curriculum building shall be enhanced with the subject of the P.E. students. The operating capacity shall be the core to develop the teaching materials with the Chinese characteristics by learning from the West and adapting to the local condition. Relative institutes shall work jointly to improve the environment and condition of the P.E. education of the disabled students.
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