王国谱,杨璟勇,吴金花,佐久间春夫,等.运用脑波分析太极拳身心调控的作用[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(8):80-83.
运用脑波分析太极拳身心调控的作用
Research on the Function of Taijiquan on the Body and Heart Regulation by the Analysis of EEG
投稿时间:2010-09-16  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:太极拳  身心调控  脑波  状态性焦虑  心理生理学
英文关键词:Key words: Taijiquan  body and heart regulation  EEG  psychophysiology
基金项目:基金项目:“985”工程二期同济大学建设项目;教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金资助(教外司留〔2010〕609)。
作者单位
王国谱 同济大学体育教学部,上海 200092 
杨璟勇 同济大学体育教学部,上海 200092 
吴金花 同济大学体育教学部,上海 200092 
佐久间春夫 奈良女子大学文学部日本 630-8506 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:为了探讨太极拳的身心调控作用,采用三个实验,通过分析演练太极拳(整体的调身)、实施太极拳式呼吸调控(调息)以及太极拳式自我调节放松(调心)前后的脑波变化、状态性焦虑特征,论证太极拳身心调控作用。实验一表明太极拳熟练者的α1、α2节律含有率均显著高于初学者,且熟练者的状态性焦虑显示持续性下降。实验二表明,实施太极拳式呼吸前后脑波均处于α2节律的优势状态。实验三表明,太极拳的意念调节放松后头部顶叶以及枕叶的α2节律含有量明显高于放松前,且肌电积分值明显减少。三个实验结果均显示在太极拳身心调控后状态性焦虑降低,脑波α2节律优势的现象,表明从脑波学初步证明太极拳的身心调控效果。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:In order to explore the function of the body and heart regulation, the research adopts three experiments, by analyzing the brain waves change and state anxiety characteristics before and after the practice of Taijiquan (body regulation), Taijiquan respiration regulation (breath regulation) and Taijiquan self-relaxation regulation (heart regulation), to prove the body and mind regulation function of Taijiquan. The first experiment shows that the α1 and α2 rhythm ratio of the skilled Taijiquan practicer is significantly higher than that of the Taijiquan beginners and the state anxiety of the former is decreasing continuously. The second experiment shows that the brain waves before and after the Taijiquan respiration are at the advantageous state of α2. The third experiment shows that after the meditation regulated relaxation of Taijiquan, the α2 rhythm content ratio of the parietal lobe and occipital lobe is significantly higher than that before relaxation and the EEG value decreases significantly. Each of the three experiments show that after the body and mind regulation of Taijiquan, the state anxiety decreases and α2 rythnm brain waves are at advantageous state, which prove the body and mind regulation function of Taijiquan from brain waves study.
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