严翊,林家仕,苏浩.“2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会”专栏——大强度运动是否适用于大众健身指导[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(8):50-53.
“2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会”专栏——大强度运动是否适用于大众健身指导
Are High-intensity Exercise Eligible for Guiding Public Fitness Exercises
投稿时间:2012-07-30  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:运动强度,健康效益,剂量效应
英文关键词:Key words: exercise intensity, health benefit, dose-response
基金项目:基金项目:国家“十二五” 科技支撑计划课题《制定有效运动负荷方法与评价等级的研究》(2012BAK21B02)。
作者单位
严翊 北京体育大学北京 100084 
林家仕 集美大学体育学院福建 厦门 361021 
苏浩 北京体育大学北京 100084 
摘要点击次数: 3503
全文下载次数: 402
中文摘要:
      摘 要:自从2010年美国运动医学学会(ACSM)提出了“运动是良医”(exercise is medicine)这一概念以来,运动对健康的促进作用越来越受到重视。运动与健康之间是否存剂量-效应关系;是否存在着最小或最适宜的运动量;运动量、运动强度和运动持续时间等因素中哪个因素对健康效益起决定性作用等一系列问题引起了学者们的关注。以“运动强度与健康效益”为主题,综述2012年ACSM年会相关专题的研究进展。由于较大强度运动更有利于心肺耐力的提高,而中小强度更有利于降低代谢异常和心血管疾病所带来的风险,建议对于心血管、糖尿病等病人,在制定运动处方时,出于安全性考虑,应当慎重选择较大强度运动;对于健康人群应适当的鼓励进行较大强度运动。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:“Exercise is Medicine” was proposed by ACSM in 2010. From then on, more and more attention is focused on the positive function of exercise to health. Is there dose-response relation between exercise and health? What is the least or best amount of exercise that can confer health effects? Exercise amount, exercise intensity, and exercise duration, which index has most health definitive effect? Because of these series uncertain questions, more and more scholars work hard to solve them. In this paper, we pay attention to the relation between intensity of exercise and the health effect in the 2012 ACSM annual conference. High intensity exercise is better for improving CRF, and moderate intensity exercise is better for decreasing the CVD risk. It is suggested that patients with coronary disease, diabetes and so on, should carefully choose high intensity exercise while health people should be encouraged to do more high intensity exercise.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器