王超,陈佩杰.“2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会”专栏——体力活动研究的现状及趋势[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(8):43-49.
“2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会”专栏——体力活动研究的现状及趋势
Current Status and Trends of Physical Activity Research
投稿时间:2012-07-30  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:体力活动  测量工具  现状
英文关键词:Key words: physical activity  measurement tool, current status
基金项目:基金项目:国家科技支撑计划——青少年日常体力活动水平测量与能量消耗关键技术的研究与应用(2009BAK62B01)。通讯作者:陈佩杰。〖ZK)〗
作者单位
王超 上海体育学院运动科学学院上海 200438 
陈佩杰 上海体育学院运动科学学院上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:体力活动研究近年来受到越来越多的关注。以2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会交流论文为例,从体力活动与健康、体力活动现状调查、体力活动测量工具、体力活动影响因素、体力活动促进五个方面对当前体力活动研究的现状进行总结。结果表明第59届美国运动医学会年会发表的体力活动相关研究具有选题范围广、研究深入细致、实践应用价值大等特点。建议在我国进行体力活动研究时采用客观准确的方法测量体力活动水平与健康指标,明确两者间的量效关系,从而提出适合国人的体力活动指南;在体力活动的流行病学调查中,尽量应用客观测量工具,并采用追踪研究的设计,从而准确评估国人体力活动水平及其变化趋势;从多个层面深入研究不同人群的体力活动影响因素,为体力活动干预方案的设计提供切实依据;体力活动干预方案的设计要依据成熟的理论和可靠的证据,同时兼顾方案的效果和实施的成本效益。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:Physical activity has gained more and more research focuses in recent years. This review took the examples of the papers published in the 59th annual meeting of American College of Sports Medicine to summarize the current situation of the physical activity researches. Findings were presented in five areas: physical activity and health, physical activity survey, instruments for measuring physical activity, correlates of physical activity, and promotion of physical activity. It finds that the research papers published in the annual meeting relating to physical activities have the features of wide selection of topic, in-depth and detailed research and significant application value. It is recommended that in the physical activity research in China, the researchers shall adopt objective and accurate methods to measure the physical activity level and health indicators, clarify the quantitative and effect relation between them so as to provide feasible physical activity guide suitable to the Chinese people. In the epidemiology relating physical activity research, we shall try our best to apply objective measurement tool and use the traceable research design to accurately evaluate the physical activity level and changing trend of the Chinese people. The physical activity intervention plan design shall be based on mature theories and reliable evidence while the effect and cost-efficient level of the implementation of the plan shall also be considered.
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