李红娟,王正珍,严翊.“2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会”专栏——体力活动与骨健康[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(8):37-42.
“2012年第59届美国运动医学会年会”专栏——体力活动与骨健康
Physical Activity and Bone Health
投稿时间:2012-07-30  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:体力活动  体育锻炼  骨健康
英文关键词:Key words: physical activity, exercise, bone health
基金项目:基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题(2006BAK33B02,2009BAK62B04)。
作者单位
李红娟 北京体育大学北京 100084 
王正珍 北京体育大学北京 100084 
严翊 北京体育大学北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      摘 要:以2012年ACSM第59届年会Dr. Wolffe纪念讲座为切入点,对体力活动与骨骼健康的研究进展及未来发展趋势进行综述。循证研究表明:体力活动有益骨健康和预防骨质疏松性骨折,证据等级为中等,Wolff定律、机械负荷理论等为体力活动促进骨健康奠定了理论基础。但现有预防骨质疏松的体力活动临床指南还缺乏强有力的证据支持,必须进一步拓展和深入研究机械负荷理论,从多学科、多层次探讨体力活动作用于骨骼的机械负荷机制和代谢影响;开展不同运动方式对骨代谢的影响及不同人群有效运动负荷的研究;通过多中心的随机对照试验,可为体力活动促进骨健康提供更多更有力的证据支持。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:The present study aims to review the progress and trend of the research concerning physical activity and bone health with Dr. Wolffe memorial lecture in the 59th ACSM annual meeting as the breakthrough point.Evidence-based research provides moderate evidence for the positive role of physical activity in improving bone health and preventing osteoporosis fracture. The Wolff Law and the Mechanostat lay the theory foundation for the positive effect of physical activity in improving bone health. But there is lack of strong evidence in the clinical guidance of the physical activity in preventing osteoporosis. It′s necessary to expand Mechanostat theory and explore it′s mechanism through multi-discipline research.Multi-disciplinary and multi-type research was conducted to discuss mechanical load mechanism of the function of physical activity on bones and its metabolizing effect.It also conducted the research on the effect of different types of exercises on bone metabolize and effective exercise load of different groups of people.Multi-center randomized controlled trial for years would be the best way 〖JP3〗to get strong evidence for the role of physical activity in health promotion.
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