罗湘林.农村体育的结构类型与发展模式选择[J].北京体育大学学报,2012,35(3):17-20.
农村体育的结构类型与发展模式选择
The Structure Type of China's Rural Sports and Choice of Develop ment Mode
投稿时间:2010-09-06  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村体育  内在结构  共生系统  模式
英文关键词:rural sports  inner structure  symbiosis system  mode
基金项目:国家社会科学基金课题(07BTY025)
作者单位
罗湘林 湖南师范大学体育学院湖南 长沙 410012 
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中文摘要:
      当前对于农村体育的发展取向,有学者以前瞻的眼光,指出农村体育的出路在于城镇化;也有学者指出农村体育的特殊性,以现实的视角,寻求问题的解决,因而指向于乡土特色的具体化。前者规范有余而实效性不足,后者实效有余而系统性不强。扎根于实地调查之经验,参照理想类型之简约,对农村体育进行类型分析;认为农村体育存在不同类型的结构特点,即以村落体育与小城镇体育为两端的农村体育发展连续体,存在着不同的问题和 解决路径。由分而合,提出共生系统下的农村体育发展模式,即以寄生共生模式、偏利共生模式、对称互惠共生模式,共同服务于以农村居民为核心的地域体育之构建。这种统合思路,将有助于农村体育的特色发挥与资源整合。
英文摘要:
      For the rural sports development orientation, some scholars pointed o ut that the outlet lies in the urbanization. Other scholars insisted on the prob lem should be directed to regional characteristics, in the views of reality part icularity of rural sports. The former is too theoretical but lack of feasibility while the latter is too much focus on feasibility but lack of theory basis. Bas ed on the investigations in rural sports, the paper analyses the type of rural s ports based on on field investigation and learns from the brief ideal type.It r eckons that rural sports have different structure features, namely, village spor ts and small town sports are the two ends of a continuous body of rural sports d evelopment and there are different solutions for different problems. By addressi ng the dilemma separately and jointly, the article puts forward symbiosis system of the sports development patterns, which are symbiotic reciprocal association of rural residents and common services on the rural area. The rural sports will be built and contributed to display the features of rural sports and integrate r esources.
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