郭琼珠,李 丽.明清时期大陆移民对台湾武术形成与发展影响研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2011,34(7):8-11.
明清时期大陆移民对台湾武术形成与发展影响研究
The Impact of Immigrants from the Mainland to Taiwan on the Formation and Development of Martial Arts in Taiwan during the Ming and Qing Dynasties
投稿时间:2010-04-13  
DOI:
中文关键词:  关键词:大陆移民  军事武艺和民间武艺  台湾武术形成的影响
英文关键词:Key words: immigrants from the mainland, military and civil martial arts, form factors
基金项目:福建省社会科学基金项目“村落民俗体育研究的视野、方法与实证分析”(项目编号:2008B118)。
作者单位
郭琼珠 厦门大学体育教学部福建 厦门 361005 
李 丽 厦门大学体育教学部福建 厦门 361005 
摘要点击次数: 2452
全文下载次数: 309
中文摘要:
      摘 要:从历史的视角,寻究明清时代大陆移民台湾对台湾武术形成与发展的影响。研究表明:大陆武术对台湾较有规模的传播始自明代,一直到清未。是三四百年前大陆移民渡海带入台湾,根植于台湾。大陆的军事移民和民间移民对台湾武术的传播做出了积极的贡献,大陆军事武艺和民间武艺对台湾武术的形成与发展产生深刻而又深远的影响。明朝中叶和明郑时期的军事武艺,对台湾武术的形成奠定了基础,为清代台湾武术的形成和集成发展创造了条件;清朝前期,台湾社会动荡不安,社会各界习武成风,大陆武术各拳种流派在台湾广泛传播中,融合发展;清朝中叶,台湾社会从移民社会向定居社会转变,建立了以血缘族亲为群体的宗族制度,出现了返乡寻根续宗潮流,台湾武术随着族人返乡寻祖与祖籍地的武术得于交流,大陆武术也从单向传入向两岸相互交流方向发展,台湾武术逐渐形成了具有本地特色的南派武术体系;日据时期的台湾武术,在困境中传承缓慢发展。台湾武术是中华传统武术不可分割的一部分,是两岸中华传统文化共同体的重要标识。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:From a historical perspective, the paper researches the affection of immigrants from the mainland on the formation and development of martial arts of Taiwan.Conclusion: large-scale dissemination of martial arts of mainland to Taiwan began in the Ming Dynasty and continue until the Qing Dynasty. The mainland's military migrants and martial arts immigrants have played a huge role in the formation and spread of martial arts in Taiwan. Martial arts during the Ming Dynasty laid the foundation of martial arts in Taiwan and created the conditions for the formation and spread of martial arts in Taiwan. In the early Qing Dynasty, during social unrest in Taiwan, martial arts are more popular. Mainland martial arts widespreaded in Taiwan and integrated with Taiwan martial arts. In the mid-Qing Dynasty, the immigrants in Taiwan began to stabilize, settle down and formed the clan community based on blood. Taiwan residents emerged to find ancestors back to the mainland, by that, Taiwan and the mainland began exchanging martial arts. Taiwan's martial arts gradually formed its own South system. During the Japanese control of Taiwan,the development of martial arts is difficult. Martial arts of Taiwan are the important part of Chinese martial arts. And martial arts are an important identity of the common Chinese traditional culture between Taiwan and the mainland.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器